Jordan

Sunnis (92%), Christians (6%, mostly Greek Orthodox), others (Shiites and Druze).

The constitution, government policy and practice strongly supports Islam and punishes criticism of Islam as well as criticism of the ruling family and the rule system.

The Jordanian Penal Code prohibits anyone from blaspheming (on religion – delete ’on religion’? – blaspheming is always against religion), humiliating religious sentiments, or insulting prophets. The violation of the prohibitions makes the infringer liable for imprisonment for up to three years. An amendment to the Jordanian Criminal Procedure Act of 2006 allows Jordan to prosecute a crime from Jordan if the offense affects the Jordanian people “electronically”.

It is illegal to register an explicitly humanistic, atheist, secular or other non-religious NGO or other human rights organization. Such groups are being prosecuted by the authorities. The terminology of the humanist principles of democracy, freedom and human rights is suppressed, as well as the advocacy of secularism or the separation of church and state. It is illegal to identify oneself as an atheist or non-religious. (IHEU)

Each Jordanian is allowed to accuse another of apostasy before his Islamic courts. If an Islamic court convicts a person of apostasy, it is authorised to imprison, to suspend the marriage, confiscate property and disqualify the convicted person from inheritance.

The Jordanian poet Islam Samhan was charged in 2008 for apostasy from his poetry and sentenced to prison in 2009.

German Federal Foreign Office: “On September 25, 2016, journalist Nahed Attar was shot dead in Amman. He was charged with blasphemy for sharing a cartoon depicting God as a servant of a supporter of the ‘Islamic State’. The Jordanian government and state-affiliated media condemned the assassination.”

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