96% Muslims (of whom about 75% are Sunnis and 25% Shiites), the remaining 4% are Christians (1.5%), Hindus (1.6%) and Ahmadis (0.25%), as well as Sikhs, Parsis, Zikris, Bahais, Buddhists and Kalasha.
There is no criminal provision in Pakistan declaring apostasy or conversion punishable.
However, the following articles from Chapter XV of the Pakistan Penal Code, which are intended to protect the wording of religion and especially Islam, are frequently used as a means of suppressing others:
– Article 295-B – Desecration etc. of editions of the Holy Qur’an. Whoever willfully violates, damages, desecrates, or uses in any derogatory manner or for any unlawful purpose an edition of the Holy Quran, or an extract thereof, will be punished with life imprisonment.
– Article 295-C – Use of disparaging remarks etc. with reference to the Holy Prophet. Whoever besmirched with words, either spoken or written, through visible representation or any suggestion, allusion or hidden intimation, directly or indirectly, the holy name of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), will be punished with death or life imprisonment , and is also required to pay a fine.
– Article 298 A, prohibiting the insult of sacred persons, such as one of the women of the Prophet or members of his family, or any lawful caliph or companion of the Holy Prophet (imprisonment up to 3 years and / or fine). (BAMF)
In Pakistan, an unknown number of people have been killed without charge on mere suspicion. The vast majority of the victims are Muslims and Hindus, but the number of accused Christians is significantly higher than their population share would be. The accusation of blasphemy is often used as a means of personal confrontation and to make dissenters and members of minorities docile.
In the past, Islamic zealots threatened judges and lawyers in blasphemy with death. In some cases, judges who have freely spoken the defendants have been killed by Islamists. Since 1991, over 650 Christians have been charged with allegations of blasphemy. (ISHR)
The only Christian in the Cabinet of the Federal Government of Pakistan, Shahbaz Bhatti, was killed by unknown firearms in Islamabad on 02.03.2011. He was minister for minorities and had opposed the blasphemy law. At the scene, a letter was found in which everyone was threatened with a similar fate, which opposes the blasphemy law. Already on 04.01.2011 another advocate of a change in the blasphemy law, Salman Taseer, governor of Punjab, had been murdered by his bodyguard because of this attitude. The murder of both politicians was not taken as an opportunity by the government to make the abolition of blasphemy offenses an issue. (BAMF)
The Münster Administrative Court (July 26, 2017): Refugee recognition for atheists from Pakistan, whose concern is to express their ideological convictions.